In the 70’s and 80’s, research conducted in the Falémé Valley yielded to identify numerous Palaeolithic sites of different periods and cultures. However no precise chronological frame was available to understand the chronocultural succession and the patterns of occupation of the region. Since 2012, our team has developed a research project in the Falémé Valley which is compared to Ounjougou (Mali), the only sequence of reference for the Palaeolithic of West Africa.
Iron Age and historical periods
Research conducted in eastern Senegal have permitted to identify many protohistorical and historical sites in the Falémé Valley. The site of Alinguel has revealed a sequence of the late and and the terminal Holocene, particularly important to our understanding of the settlement history of this region.
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In Africa, if the architecture and functioning of Europeans coastal establishments are relatively well known, it is not the case for continental establishments whose plans are rarely available. They nevertheless represent the first step of the transition into the colonial period. The discovery of a French fort in the region of the Falémé Valley brings new elements on the European penetration into the African continent and on the way of life of these first “expatriates”.